The badlands of Taiwan 台灣 are one of the island’s most captivating and unusual landscapes. There are several scattered around the island but the most extensive badlands can be found along the hilly borderlands of Tainan 台南 and Kaohsiung 高雄. Known locally to Taiwanese as Yuèshìjiè 月世界, literally “moon world”, these landscapes are composed of weathered mudstone outcrops that erode too quickly for plants to grow.
Unlike the fertile plains to the west these hills are sparsely populated. There are fewer ways to exploit the land and earn an income up here. Some residents grow fruit in small orchards, others keep chickens and pigs behind wire fences along the roadside, but most back country roads are almost completely empty. I saw many homes abandoned to the elements and few people in my travels through the badlands.
Despite my background in physical geography I have little to add to the excellent English-language coverage already provided by Michael Turton and Richard Saunders, both of which are well-worth reading if you’d like to know more. The only detail I will emphasize is the fact that the underlying geological formation, known in Chinese as Gǔtíngkēng 古亭坑, also contributes to the mud springs to the north in Guanziling (one of only three in the world) as well as the many mud volcanoes across the region, the most impressive of which can be found further south at Wūshāndǐng 烏山頂.
From what reading I have done it would seem that the Taiwanese badlands are completely unique. Nowhere else in the tropics will you find the same combination of weathering and geology. Look closely and you’ll see that slope and aspect (which way the slope is facing) play a critical role in determining the distribution of vegetation in these badlands. Slopes that receive more sunlight on average are more likely to be bare. Extensive bamboo forests have colonized the sandy flatlands between mudstone outcrops. The eerie sound of bamboo creaking and rustling in the wind is not one I will soon forget.
These photographs were collected on two separate trips, one on scooter and another on bicycle, through the badlands of Cǎoshān 草山月世界 in Zuozhen and those of Tianliao, formally known as Tianliao Moon World 田寮月世界. Neither are particularly accessible by public transportation; you’ll need your own wheels to get around and make the most of a day trip out to explore these alien lands.